Twitches can affect the muscles of the mouth and pull it to one side. The injections are administered as an outpatient or office procedure. The results of the experiment strengthened the theory that vascular compression of the facial nerve was the primary cause of hemifacial spasm, and proposed a specific region of the facial nerve where the effects of longstanding compression results in nerve dysfunction. Abstract Facial nerve lesions are usually benign conditions even though patients may present with emotional distress. Their condition is likely to get worse if it is left untreated, so they should be aware of all the treatment options available. Hemifacial spasms can be controlled through home treatment, medications, or surgery.
Bell's palsy is the most common cause of acute facial nerve paralysis. Several families with hemifacial spasm have been reported, suggesting a genetic etiology or predisposition in some cases. Closing the eye with a finger is an effective way of keeping the eye moist. Analgesics such as aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen may relieve pain. Diseases of the Eye. Additional advances in understanding the etiology and improving treatments for hemifacial spasm did not occur until the mid-seventies.
Bell's Palsy (Facial Nerve Problems): Symptoms, Treatment & Contagious
For most of its journey, the nerve is encased in this bony shell. Blood tests can sometimes be helpful in diagnosing other concurrent problems such as diabetes and certain infections. In young and fit patients microsurgical decompression and Botulinum injections should be discussed as alternative procedures. Three theories exist to explain the facial nerve dysfunction found in hemifacial spasm. Am I Having a Heart Attack?
Bell's Palsy Fact Sheet
Description: A CT scan is an X-ray procedure that combines many X-ray images with the aid of a computer to generate cross-sectional and three-dimensional images of internal organs and structures of the body. The facial muscles are controlled by the facial nerve seventh VII cranial nerve , which originates at the brainstem and exits the skull below the ear where it separates into five main branches Fig. It disproportionately attacks people who have diabetes or upper respiratory ailments such as the flu or a cold. The facial paralysis can follow immediately the trauma due to direct damage to the facial nerve, in such cases a surgical treatment may be attempted. Experts have linked hemifacial spasm to facial nerve injury, Bell's palsy and tumors.